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Good morning.

A : Please sit down.

Thank you.

A : I will ask you some questions now.

OK.

A : Why are Japanese apartments small but expensive?

That is a good question.

A : Yes.

It is because Japan is a small island country, and there is not enough
land and space for so many people to live in. Especially in the
metropolitan areas, land is very limited and very expensive. People
cannot afford to live in a large house, so they have no choice but
to live in such small but expensive apartments.

A : Do you live in or outside the metropolitan area?

I live outside the metropolitan area. I live in .c

A : Have you lived in c for your whole life?

Yes, I was born and brought up in c.

A : OK, next question. What do you think about the low birth rate in
Japan?

I think it is partly due to the advancement of women into society. The
government should try to provide an environment where women can work
even after they have babies. For example, the government should
encourage each company to have child-care facilities.

A : I see. How is the advancement of women into society related to the
decline of the birth rate?

It is because if women advance into society, they tend to put priority
on their work rather than on having babies and taking care of them.

B : Do you think that the government approves of the declining birth
rate?
No, I donft think so.

B : How should the government deal with the problem?

As I said earlier, the government should encourage each company to have
child-care facilities.

B : I think in spite of the governmentfs efforts, the birth rate is
declining.

Yes, that is right. I think the government should take various
measures to tackle the problem.

A : OK, thatfs all.

Thank you for giving me this opportunity. Goodbye.




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